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The World's Most Powerful Supercomputers
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The World's Most Powerful Supercomputers (June 2001) »

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This is the half-yearly ranking of the 500 most powerful supercomputers in the world, according to Top500.org. The performance of the supercomputer candidates is evaluated based on the benchmark HPL, a portable version of the Linpack benchmark for computers with distributed memory used to solve systems of complex linear equations. Keep in mind that the list does not include systems based on GRID computing or the MDGRAPE-3 supercomputer, which reaches a Petaflop, thus being more powerful than any of the systems included on this list, and cannot execute the benchmarking software used as it is not a general use supercomputer. This list has been created since 1993. It has more than 30 editions and it is considered the most extensive study of tendencies and changes in worldwide supercomputing.

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Supercomputercolumns columns RMax
1ASCI White, SP Power3 375 MHz (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)ASCI White, SP Power3 375 MHz (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)7,226
2SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way (NERSC/LBNL)SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way (NERSC/LBNL)2,526
3ASCI Red (Sandia National Laboratories)ASCI Red (Sandia National Laboratories)2,379
4ASCI Blue-Pacific SST, IBM SP 604e (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)ASCI Blue-Pacific SST, IBM SP 604e (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)2,144
5SR8000/MPP (University of Tokyo)SR8000/MPP (University of Tokyo)1,709
6ASCI Blue Mountain (Los Alamos National Laboratory)ASCI Blue Mountain (Los Alamos National Laboratory)1,608
7SP Power3 375 MHz (Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVOCEANO))SP Power3 375 MHz (Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVOCEANO))1,417
8SX-5/128M8 3.2ns (Osaka University)SX-5/128M8 3.2ns (Osaka University)1,192
9SP Power3 375 MHz (National Centers for Environmental Prediction)SP Power3 375 MHz (National Centers for Environmental Prediction)1,179
10SP Power3 375 MHz (National Centers for Environmental Prediction)SP Power3 375 MHz (National Centers for Environmental Prediction)1,179
11T3E1200 (Government)T3E1200 (Government)1,127
12SR8000-F1/112 (Leibniz Rechenzentrum)SR8000-F1/112 (Leibniz Rechenzentrum)1,035
13SP Power3 375 MHz 8 way (UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center)SP Power3 375 MHz 8 way (UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center)929
14SR8000-F1/100 (High Energy Accelerator Research Organization /KEK)SR8000-F1/100 (High Energy Accelerator Research Organization /KEK)917
15T3E1200 (US Army HPC Research Center at NCS)T3E1200 (US Army HPC Research Center at NCS)892
16VPP5000/100 (ECMWF)VPP5000/100 (ECMWF)886
17SR8000/128 (University of Tokyo)SR8000/128 (University of Tokyo)873
18SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way (Maui High-Performance Computing Center (MHPCC))SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way (Maui High-Performance Computing Center (MHPCC))837
19T3E900 (Government)T3E900 (Government)815
20SP Power3 375 MHz (Charles Schwab)SP Power3 375 MHz (Charles Schwab)795
21SR8000-G1/64 (Institute for Materials Research/Tohoku University)SR8000-G1/64 (Institute for Materials Research/Tohoku University)791
22SP Power3 375 MHz (North Carolina Supercomputing Center (NCSC))SP Power3 375 MHz (North Carolina Supercomputing Center (NCSC))741
23SP Power3 375 MHz (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)SP Power3 375 MHz (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)723
24SR8000-E1/80 (Japan Meteorological Agency)SR8000-E1/80 (Japan Meteorological Agency)691
25ORIGIN 2000 250 MHz (Los Alamos National Laboratory/ACL)ORIGIN 2000 250 MHz (Los Alamos National Laboratory/ACL)691
26SP Power3 375 MHz (NCAR (National Center for Atmospheric Research))SP Power3 375 MHz (NCAR (National Center for Atmospheric Research))688
27T3E900 (Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVOCEANO))T3E900 (Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVOCEANO))675
28T3E1200 (CSAR at the University of Manchester)T3E1200 (CSAR at the University of Manchester)671
29T3E1200 (Deutscher Wetterdienst)T3E1200 (Deutscher Wetterdienst)671
30Netfinity Cluster PIII 1 GHz - Myrinet (NCSA)Netfinity Cluster PIII 1 GHz - Myrinet (NCSA)594
31SR8000-F1/60 (University of Tokyo/Institute for Solid State Physics)SR8000-F1/60 (University of Tokyo/Institute for Solid State Physics)577
32VPP5000/64 (Kyushu University)VPP5000/64 (Kyushu University)563
33SP Power3 375 MHz (Wright-Patterson Air Force Base/DoD ASC)SP Power3 375 MHz (Wright-Patterson Air Force Base/DoD ASC)553
34T3E900 (United Kingdom Meteorological Office)T3E900 (United Kingdom Meteorological Office)552
35SCore III/PIII 933 MHz (Real World Computing (RWCP)/Tsukuba Research Center)SCore III/PIII 933 MHz (Real World Computing (RWCP)/Tsukuba Research Center)548
36SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way (IBM)SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way (IBM)546
37SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way (Petroleum Company (G))SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way (Petroleum Company (G))546
38SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way (US Army Research Laboratory (ARL))SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way (US Army Research Laboratory (ARL))546
39T3E1200 (United Kingdom Meteorological Office)T3E1200 (United Kingdom Meteorological Office)526
40T3E (NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center)T3E (NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center)525
41CPlant/Ross Cluster (Sandia National Laboratories)CPlant/Ross Cluster (Sandia National Laboratories)512
42AlphaServer SC ES40/EV67 (Hewlett-Packard)AlphaServer SC ES40/EV67 (Hewlett-Packard)508
43AlphaServer SC ES40/EV67 (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)AlphaServer SC ES40/EV67 (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)508
44SP Power3 375 MHz (Centre Informatique National (CINES))SP Power3 375 MHz (Centre Informatique National (CINES))494
45VPP5000/56 (Nagoya University)VPP5000/56 (Nagoya University)492
46VPP800/63 (Kyoto University)VPP800/63 (Kyoto University)482
47ASCI Blue-Pacific CTR, IBM SP 604e (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)ASCI Blue-Pacific CTR, IBM SP 604e (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)468
48SR8000/64 (Tsukuba Advanced Computing Center - TACC/AIST)SR8000/64 (Tsukuba Advanced Computing Center - TACC/AIST)449
49T3E1200 (Cray Inc.)T3E1200 (Cray Inc.)447
50T3E1200 (ERDC MSRC)T3E1200 (ERDC MSRC)447
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