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The World's Most Powerful Supercomputers
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  • 31 editions
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The World's Most Powerful Supercomputers (November 1999) »

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This is the half-yearly ranking of the 500 most powerful supercomputers in the world, according to Top500.org. The performance of the supercomputer candidates is evaluated based on the benchmark HPL, a portable version of the Linpack benchmark for computers with distributed memory used to solve systems of complex linear equations. Keep in mind that the list does not include systems based on GRID computing or the MDGRAPE-3 supercomputer, which reaches a Petaflop, thus being more powerful than any of the systems included on this list, and cannot execute the benchmarking software used as it is not a general use supercomputer. This list has been created since 1993. It has more than 30 editions and it is considered the most extensive study of tendencies and changes in worldwide supercomputing.

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Supercomputercolumns columns RMax
1ASCI Red (Sandia National Laboratories)ASCI Red (Sandia National Laboratories)2,379
2ASCI Blue-Pacific SST, IBM SP 604e (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)ASCI Blue-Pacific SST, IBM SP 604e (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)2,144
3ASCI Blue Mountain (Los Alamos National Laboratory)ASCI Blue Mountain (Los Alamos National Laboratory)1,608
4T3E1200 (Government)T3E1200 (Government)891
5SR8000/128 (University of Tokyo)SR8000/128 (University of Tokyo)873
6T3E900 (Government)T3E900 (Government)815
7ORIGIN 2000 250 MHz (Los Alamos National Laboratory/ACL)ORIGIN 2000 250 MHz (Los Alamos National Laboratory/ACL)691
8T3E900 (Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVOCEANO))T3E900 (Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVOCEANO))675
9T3E1200 (Deutscher Wetterdienst)T3E1200 (Deutscher Wetterdienst)671
10SP Power3 222 MHz (UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center)SP Power3 222 MHz (UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center)558
11T3E900 (United Kingdom Meteorological Office)T3E900 (United Kingdom Meteorological Office)552
12SP PC604e 332 MHz (Charles Schwab)SP PC604e 332 MHz (Charles Schwab)547
13T3E1200 (United Kingdom Meteorological Office)T3E1200 (United Kingdom Meteorological Office)526
14T3E1200 (CSAR at the University of Manchester)T3E1200 (CSAR at the University of Manchester)509
15VPP800/63 (Kyoto University)VPP800/63 (Kyoto University)482
16ASCI Blue-Pacific CTR, IBM SP 604e (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)ASCI Blue-Pacific CTR, IBM SP 604e (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)468
17SR8000/64 (Tsukuba Advanced Computing Center - TACC/AIST)SR8000/64 (Tsukuba Advanced Computing Center - TACC/AIST)449
18T3E (NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center)T3E (NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center)449
19T3E1200 (Cray Inc.)T3E1200 (Cray Inc.)447
20T3E1200 (ERDC MSRC)T3E1200 (ERDC MSRC)447
21T3E1200 (Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ))T3E1200 (Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ))447
22T3E1200 (Government)T3E1200 (Government)447
23T3E900 (NERSC/LBNL)T3E900 (NERSC/LBNL)444
24CP-PACS/2048 (Center for Computational Science, University of Tsukuba)CP-PACS/2048 (Center for Computational Science, University of Tsukuba)368
25T3E (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP)T3E (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP)355
26SP Power3 200 MHz (National Centers for Environmental Prediction)SP Power3 200 MHz (National Centers for Environmental Prediction)350
27T3E900 (HWW/Universitaet Stuttgart)T3E900 (HWW/Universitaet Stuttgart)341
28T3E900 (Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center)T3E900 (Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center)341
29T3E1200 (Government)T3E1200 (Government)334
30SP Power3 200 MHz (NERSC/LBNL)SP Power3 200 MHz (NERSC/LBNL)310
31SP Power3 222 MHz (IBM)SP Power3 222 MHz (IBM)308
32VPP5000/31 (Meteo-France)VPP5000/31 (Meteo-France)286
33HPC 4500 333 MHz Cluster (Sun)HPC 4500 333 MHz Cluster (Sun)272
34AlphaServer SC Quadrics (Hewlett-Packard)AlphaServer SC Quadrics (Hewlett-Packard)271
35SP Power3 200 MHz (IBM)SP Power3 200 MHz (IBM)270
36VPP700/128E (Institute of Physical and Chemical Res. (RIKEN))VPP700/128E (Institute of Physical and Chemical Res. (RIKEN))268
37ORIGIN 2000 195/250 MHz (NCSA)ORIGIN 2000 195/250 MHz (NCSA)265
38SR8000/36 (Meteorological Research Institute/JMA)SR8000/36 (Meteorological Research Institute/JMA)255
39T3E900 (ZIB/Konrad Zuse-Zentrum fuer Informationstechnik)T3E900 (ZIB/Konrad Zuse-Zentrum fuer Informationstechnik)253
40SX-4/128H4 (Tohoku University)SX-4/128H4 (Tohoku University)244
41T3E1200 (Government)T3E1200 (Government)235
42T3E (Cray Inc.)T3E (Cray Inc.)234
43T3E (Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ))T3E (Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ))234
44CPlant/Siberia Cluster (Sandia National Laboratories)CPlant/Siberia Cluster (Sandia National Laboratories)233
45SR2201/1024 (University of Tokyo)SR2201/1024 (University of Tokyo)232
46Numerical Wind Tunnel (National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan)Numerical Wind Tunnel (National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan)229
47T3E1200 (CINECA)T3E1200 (CINECA)222
48T3E1200 (US Army HPC Research Center at NCS)T3E1200 (US Army HPC Research Center at NCS)222
49T3E900 (University of Edinburgh)T3E900 (University of Edinburgh)218
50VPP700/116 (ECMWF)VPP700/116 (ECMWF)213
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